This posts summarises preliminary results of my analysis of treaty commitments in the African Union. The assessment is part of a research project for the German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA) that explores the behaviour of authoritarian countries in the African continental integration project.
The world of preferential trade agreements (PTAs) is rapidly evolving: governments increasingly negotiate on the bilateral and regional level. This activity has created a complex web of PTAs spanning the globe. Economics professor Jagdish Baghwati likened the phenomenon to a “spaghetti bowl” in the early 1990s. Since then, new waves of preferential trade negotiations have swept over different regions, leading... Continue Reading →
Following up on my recent post on the German Parliament, here is another attempt at visualising the data – I jumped on the recent gif-bandwagon.
In light of the upcoming German federal elections in September 2017, I take a brief look at the age and gender distribution in the German Parliament – the Bundestag – from its establishment in 1949 to the last general election in 2013. The figure below sums up the most interesting findings, starting with the observation that while the age... Continue Reading →
I recently worked with a few fascinating datasets that describe the transformation and democratisation of national governments over the last decades. Based on this very comprehensive data, this post discusses important trends in global regime development from 1972 to 2015 and also provides a few more detailed graphs for Africa, which is the focus of... Continue Reading →
While attending a workshop on international sanctions a few weeks ago, I was fortunate to meet the author of the fascinating and very recent article "The Redistributive Impact of Restrictive Measures on EU Members: Winners and Losers from Imposing Sanctions on Russia". Much has been written on EU-Russia relations following the crisis over Ukraine and important obstacles to a rapprochement remain; however, there have... Continue Reading →
A recurring problem in the discussion on North-South trade relations is identifying good examples that show how controversial – trade-distorting – policy instruments are successfully used to promote economic development. The search is not a purely academic exercise as the case studies can be used to legitimise and defend policy tools in trade negotiations aimed at outlawing or restricting their domestic... Continue Reading →
Looking again at UK trade data, I discuss what tariff costs UK exporters would face in the unlikely scenario that no Brexit deal (or interim trade agreement) can be reached and commercial relations would have to continue on a 'most favoured nation' (MFN) basis. The analysis is based on product groups established in the Harmonized System (HS)... Continue Reading →
In light of the lively discussion over the UK’s future trade agenda, I take a brief look at the UK's existing economic ties with Europe and beyond. Given the intricacies of these relations, more posts on this topic will follow. 1. The Development of the UK Trade Balance with Europe The UK trade deficit with Europe... Continue Reading →